Silvopasture: The benefits of integrating livestock and trees

Despite being widely practised for many thousands of years, silvopasture could be classed as a lost art in the UK, where we have tended towards specialised farming and larger herds and flocks. Silvopastoral agroforestry is the integration of trees with livestock. It can be achieved either by planting trees on grazing land, or by introducing stock into woodlands or orchards. Hedges can even form part of silvopasture, though arguably only truly so if they can provide proper shade, browsing plants for supplementary forage or income.

We are now starting to learn from other countries – and from an increasing body of research – the numerous benefits of silvopastoral systems. There is also an urgency that climate change brings for an

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